• 2 days training session (9am-5pm)
  • The course is focused on Blending Economics
  • Make Money with the new Sulfur 2020 spec. We have recipes for this
  • Select the right components and estimate the blend components prices
  • Understand and calculate the compatibility and stability issue.
  • Plenty of Exercises Hands-ON and simulation of real cases with the RAI Blend Optimizer
  • Be a bunker blending expert!!!!!!
Are you ready for the IMO 2020, 0.5% sulfur spec?
This is the only course that provides you with new low sulfur recipes, low sulfur blend components, without incurring incompatibility and stability issues.

Bunker Blending Course Online Edition- Introduction


Day One:

  1.  Overview of Bunker Business
  2.  Marine Fuels Specifications, Components & Additives
    • Latest IMO Specs, and future 2020 0.5% wt Sulfur specs
    • Review of Bunker Blend Component Database
  3. 2020 Bunker Blends:
    • Typical 2020 Blend Components and Properties
    • Typical 2020 Recipes and Costs
  4. 2020 Bunker Blend Compatibility: Tests and Predictive Calculations
  5. 2020 Bunker Supply Chain: Sourcing of Blend Components
  6.  Blend Component Price Estimation using Platt’s Method
  7.  Blending as “Arithmetic of Prices and Properties”
    • Introduction of Blend Component Matrix (or Basket)
    • Linear Vs Non-Linear Blending, Why? How?
    • Recipe Change Impact on Blend Prices while meeting specs
    • Recipe Change Impact on Blend Properties
  8.  Introduction to Blend Optimizer, and why you should use one
    • Properties
    • Prices
    • Inventory
    • Demand (batch size)
    • Specs (import/export)
    • Other: transportation, inspection fees, commissions, credits, etc.
    • Economic Analysis with real cases (Exercises)
    • Gross Profit Vs Actual Profit

Basis of blending

Day Two:

  1. Quality Assurance
    • Lab Precision and Dispute Resolution
    • ISO 4259 use for dispute resolution and alternative
  2. Delivery Quantity Measurement
    • Dipping Vs Flowmeters Vs Coriolis mass flowmeters
  3. Scrubbers and Environmental Issues
    • Using scrubbers: types, performance, costs
    • Calculating scrubber return on investment
  4. Advantages of In-line Bunker Blending
    • Shore-based
    • Shipboard blending
  5. Bunker Blending References 
  6. Open Forum (Q & A Session)

Blend profit calculation

Hands-on Exercises:
  • Volumetric Blend Calculator for Bunker- Marine Gasoil blends
  • Non-Linear Property Calculators
  • Blend component and off-specs price calculator
  • Bunker Blend Optimizer*
  • New Recipes for 2020 Sulfur Spec
  • and much more……

This is translated in:

  • + 600 pages of Bunker Blending Handbook
  • + 15 Blending Exercises with Blend Optimizer Cases
  • + Plenty Exercises to help you learning faster and making right choices
  • +  Bunker RAI Blend Optimizer (Demo)*

*The RAI blend optimizer works only on windows based laptops and it requires Microsoft Excel to be installed with the solver active.

Reference Material Review:
  • Product Spec Books
  • Market Price Bulletins
  • Data Base of Blend Components
  • Various Legislation (EPA, RFS, etc)
  • List of Blending-related URL’s

Marine bunker course book


  • Bunker Traders / Blenders
  • Fuel and Blend Component Traders
  •  Independent Blenders
  • Terminal Operators
  • Biofuel Producers/Traders/Blenders
  • Market/Research Analysts
  • Marketing Managers
  • Policy Makers/Legislators
  • Everyone who wants to make $-Money with Blending


The venue is located in Houston-Westchase
Norris Conference Centers- Houston/Westchase
9990 Richmond Avenue, South Building, Ste. 102,
Houston, TX 77042
+1-(713) 780-9300

Norris Conference Centers Houston/Westchase

The early bird discounted fee is $ xxxx (valid only till yyyy) per person
The early bird fee is $ xxxx (if you register before yyyy) per person
The late fee is $ xxxx per person
There are also special discounts for a group of 3 or more students of the same company.
Refinery Automation Institute provides: Breakfast, Lunch, Mid-Morning and Mid-Afternoon meals (hotel is not included).
There are a variety of hotels close to the venue (less than 1 mile) like: Houston Hilton Westchase  or the Houston Marriot Westchase. If you prefer to stay downtown, please keep in mind the heavy traffic in the morning.
Unfortunately for now we don’t have any deals with the above mentioned Hotels.

*Please bring with you a laptop. We recommend to bring a windows based laptop, because the software works only on Windows and it requires Microsoft Excel installed with the solver active. If you have an Apple Mac, make sure you have softwares that allow you to use Windows as operating system, either in paralle and/or rebooting your laptop.

            CLICK THE BUTTON TO REGISTER or send an e-mail to info@refautom.com

Schedule Consultation

Contact Info

Refinery Automation Institute, LLC

6 Leslie Court Morristown,
New Jersey 07960 USA
Phone: +1-973-644-2270
eFAX: +1-973-206-2256