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  • 2-3 days training session (9am-5pm)
  • Learn how to calculate blend profitability.
  • Select the right components and estimate the blend components prices.
  • Find new profitable ways of business after the Bunker World sulfur limit of 0.5%
  • Learn how to solve compatibility and stability issues related with low sulfur components
  • Learn how to use the RAI Bunker Blend Optimizer.


Sulfur Scrubber

Are you ready for the IMO 2020, 0.5% sulfur spec?
This is the only course that provides you with a lot information, material and knowledge about:
– new low sulfur recipes, low sulfur blend components, without incur in compatibility and stability issues;
– new eqautions to predict stability and compatibility, taking onto account many variables such as TE (toluene equivalent), TSP (total sediment potential) and more;
– Order of blending. Once you have the blend components, it is very important how you blend them together;
– Profitability meeting all the constraints such as: specs, inventory, prices, component properties and stability.

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Main topics offered in the course:

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  • Introduction to Blending
  • Marine Fuel Specifications, Components & Additives
  • Bunker Blending
  • Bunker Blend property liner / non linear calculations
  • Blending Components: properties and pricing
  • Blending stability and compatibily
  • Order of blending
  • Introduction to Bunker Blend Optimization
  • RAI Blend Optimizer for Bunker

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  • Blending property calculations
  • Blending Economics
  • Blend Control
  • Quality Assurance
  • Despute resolutions
  • Clean Fuels and Environmental
  • Advantages of In-line Blending of Fuels
  • Lab and On-line Tests
  • Q&A Session

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Past Partecipating Companies:

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  • Aegean Marine Petroleum S.A
  • Akron Trade and Transport
  • Allied Enterprises
  • Aramaco Trading
  • Arkas Bunkering and Trading SA
  • Baker Hughes
  • BP Singapore
  • Cargill International Trading Pte Ltd
  • Chemoil Adani Pte Ltd
  • Chevron Singapoe Pte Ltd
  • China Aviation Oil (S) Corporation Ltd
  • Concord Energy Pte Ltd
  • ConocoPhillips
  • Cosmo Oil International
  • DNV Petroleum Services
  • ENOC
  • ExxonMobil
  • Fairdeal Marine Services LLC
  • Fujairah Refinery Company
  • Geo Chem Middle East
  • Gulf Energy Ltd
  • Gunvor (S) Pte Ltd
  • Intertek
  • JX Nippon Oil & Energy Asia
  • Kuwait Petroleum Corporation
  • Maritime & Port Authority of Singapore
  • Mashreq Petroleum MEE Europe Ltd
  • Mena Energy DMCC
  • Mitsui & Co. Energy Trading

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  • Monjasa DMCC
  • Naval Mexicana S A de C V
  • Oil Marketing & Trading Intl LLC
  • Oil Marketing Company (SOMO)
  • Oman Trading International
  • Pemex Internacional Espana S.A
  • Petrobras
  • PetroSeraya
  • Port of Fujairah
  • Pertamina
  • PETCO Trading Labuan Company
  • Petronas Penapisan (Melaka) Sdn Bhd
  • PTT International Trading Pte Ltd
  • Qaiwan Globan Energy DMCC
  • Qatar Navigation (QSC)
  • Repsol Trading S.A.
  • Sasol Oil
  • Saudi Aramaco
  • Shell International Trading Co.
  • Singapore Refining Company
  • SGS
  • SK Innovation
  • SOCAR Trading
  • Star Petroleum Refining Co
  • STX Corporation
  • Thai Oil Public Company
  • TOTSA Total Oil Trading SA
  • Vitol
  • Vopak
  • World Fuel Services (Singapore) Pte Ltd

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Typical Training Day


  • Breakfast from 7am to 9am
  • Start of the Blending Course 9am to 12 pm
  • Lunch Break from 12 pm to 1 pm
  • Training Session from 1 pm to 5 pm
  • Are available Mid-Morning and Mid-Afternoon Coffee Breaks

Refinery Automation Institute provides: Breakfast, Lunch, Mid-Morning and Mid-afternoon meals.[/vc_column_text][vc_separator color=”blue” border_width=”4″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text]


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  • Blending Engineers
  • Blend Schedulers
  • Laboratory Supervisors
  • Business Analyst
  • Sales Representatives
  • Inspectors
  • If you are interested in making money with blending

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  • Fuel Oil Traders / Blenders
  • Middle & Senior Manager
  • Bunker Marketers
  • Marketing & Products Trading Managers
  • Planning & Economic Engineers
  • Executives
  • Ship Onwers

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Material Offered in the Course

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Hands-on Exercises:
  • Volumetric Blend Calculator for Bunker- Marine Gasoil blends
  • Non-Linear Property Calculators
  • Blend component and off-specs price calculator
  • Bunker Blend Optimizer*
  • New Recipes for 2020 Sulfur Spec
  • and much more……

[/vc_column_text][vc_column_text]This is translated in:

  • + 600 pages of Bunker Blending Handbook
  • + 15 Blending Exercises with Blend Optimizer Cases
  • + Plenty Exercises to help you learning faster and making right choices
  • +  Bunker RAI Blend Optimizer (Demo)*

*The RAI blend optimizer works only on windows based laptops and it requires Microsoft Excel to be installed with the solver active.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_column_text]

Reference Material Review:
  • Product Spec Books
  • Market Price Bulletins
  • Data Base of Blend Components
  • Various Legislation (EPA, RFS, etc)
  • List of Blending-related URL’s

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Blending Course Schedule and Registrations


Houston,TX 2021 TBD CLOSED
Dubai, UAE 2021 TBD CLOSED
Singapore 2021 TBD CLOSED
On-line Course Open CLICK HERE

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In-house, customized bunker blending courses


RAI provides also in-house, customezied blending courses. You tell us where and when and we will teach the course privately just for you.
This option is cheaper and save much time for a small or big group of students.
RAI is now teaching on-line real time courses. Please send us an e-mail for more info.


Schedule Consultation

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Contact Info

Refinery Automation Institute, LLC

6 Leslie Court Morristown,
New Jersey 07960 USA
Phone: +1-973-644-2270
eFAX: +1-973-206-2256