Bunker Blending Course


Bunker blending course teaches you how to formulate profitable fuels that is stable and compatible while meeting all the specs and environmental regulations

Main topics offered in the course:

  • Module 0 – Course Contents and Introduction of the Instructor
  • Module 1 – Introduction to Bunker Blending and Bunker Business
  • Module 2 – Bunker Specifications: ISO 8217-17, 2020 PAS, VLSFO “Proposed Specs”
  • Module 3 – Typical Blend Components and Properties
  • Module 4 – Bunker Compatibility and Stability
  • Module 5 – Bunker Grades and Blend Recipes
  • Module 6 – Bunker Blending Schemes and Practices
  • Module 7 – Estimating Price of Components and Products
  • Module 8 – Blending Linear-Nonlinear Property Calculations
  • Module 9 – Introduction to Blend Optimization
  • Module 10 – Typical Blend Optimizer Usage
  • Module 11 – Lab Test Methods, Precision and Dispute Resolution
  • Module 12 – Delivered Quantity Measurements
  • Module 13 – Scrubbers as Alternatives, Costs and ROI
  • Module 14 – VLSFO Bunker Patents
  • Module 15 – Future Green Fuels and their Properties
  • Module 16 – Best Practices for Blending VLSFO Fuels
  • Module 17 – References

Blending Course Schedules and Registrations

2024 Blending Courses

In-Person Courses

Course Location Duration Date Time Register
Gasoline & Diesel Houston 3 Days Jan 22-24 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM CT Register
Bunker Houston 2 Days Jan 25-26 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM CT Register
Gasoline & Diesel Singapore 3 Days May 13-15 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM SGT Inquire
Bunker Singapore 2 Days May 16-17 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM SGT Inquire
Gasoline & Diesel Dubai 3 Days Oct 21-23 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM Dubai Inquire
Bunker Dubai 2 Days Oct 24-25 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM Dubai Inquire
Gasoline & Diesel Houston 3 Days Nov 13-15 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM CT Register
Bunker Houston 2 Days Nov 18-19 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM CT Register

Online Courses

Course Location Duration Date Time Register
Gasoline & Diesel Online 2 Weeks All year 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM Inquire
Bunker Online 2 Weeks All year 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM Inquire

* In-person course comes with half hour break at 12:00 noon and two coffee breaks

  • Refinery Personnel
    • Blending Engineers
    • Blend Schedulers
    • Planning & Economic Engineers
  • Laboratory Personnel
    • Laboratory Supervisors
    • Laboratory Technicians
    • Inspectors
  • Oil Terminal Employees
  • Ship Owners
  • Trading, Sales and Marketing Personnel
    • Fuel Oil Traders / Blenders / Brokers
    • Marketing & Products Trading Managers
    • Business Analyst
    • Sales Representatives
  • Managers
    • Middle & Senior Manager
    • Executives
  • Baker Hughes
  • BP Singapore
  • Chevron USA Inc
  • Cargil International Trading Pte Ltd
  • China Aviation Oil (S) Pte Ltd
  • Concord Energy Pte Ltd
  • Cosmo Oil International
  • CPC Corporation
  • Emirates General Petroleum (Emarat)
  • ENOC
  • ExxonMobil
  • Gunvor Group
  • Hyundai Oil Singapore Pte Ltd
  • JX Nippon Oil & Energy
  • Kuwait Petroleum Corporation
  • Kuwait National Petroleum Company
  • Lukoil Asia Pacific Pte Ltd
  • Mabanaft Pte Ltd
  • MENA Energy DMCC
  • Mitsubishi Corporation
  • Oiltanking Odfjell Terminals & CO. LLC
  • Oman Trading International Ltd
  • Pertamina Energy Services
  • PetroChina International (S) Pte Ltd
  • Petron Corporation
  • Phillips66 International Trading Pte Ltd
  • PTT International Trading Pte Ltd
  • Qaiwan Global Energy
  • Qatar Petroleum
  • Qatar Shell
  • Reliance Industries Ltd
  • Samsung Total
  • Sasol Oil
  • Saudi Aramaco
  • Shell Internation Trading
  • Singapore Petroleum Company Ltd
  • Singapore Refining Company Pte Ltd
  • SGS
  • SK Energy
  • SOCAR Trading
  • S-OIL Corporation
  • Star Energy Oiltanking
  • Summit Petrochemical Singapore Pte Ltd
  • Thai Oil Public Company Ltd
  • The Bangchak Petroleum Plc
  • Toyota Tsusho Petroleum Pte Ltd
  • Turkey Petroleum Refineries
  • Unipec Singapore Pte Ltd
  • Vitol Asia Pte Ltd
  • Breakfast from 7 am to 8 am
  • Start of the Blending Course 8 am to 12 pm
  • Lunch Break from 12 pm to 1 pm
  • Training Session from 1 pm to 5 pm
  • Mid-Morning and Mid-Afternoon Coffee Breaks

Refinery Automation Institute provides: breakfast, lunch, mid-morning and mid-afternoon coffee break.

Coursebook and Hands-on Exercises:
  • 600 pages of Bunker Blending Handbook
  • Bunker RAI Blend Optimizer (Demo)* and Case Studies
  • 13 Blending Exercises
    • oVolumetric Blend Calculator for Bunker- Marine Gasoil blends
    • Non-Linear Property Calculators
    • Blend component and off-specs price calculator
    • Recipes for IMO2020-compliant VLSFO Spec

*The RAI blend optimizer works only on MS windows-based laptops, and it requires Microsoft Excel to be installed with the solver active.

Reference Material Review:
  • Product Spec Books
  • Market Price Bulletins
  • Data Base of Blend Components
  • Various Legislation (EPA, RFS, etc)
  • List of Blending-related URL’s

Ara has 50+ years of experience in gasoline, diesel and bunker blending. He started with Exxon Research & Engineering, then started his own company with number of Exxon colleagues, designing and implementing numerous blending projects, and finally being acquired by ABB. Currently, he is the founder of RAI, a fuel oil blending consulting company.

Ara Barsamian
Ara Barsamian
  • BS, MS: Engineering, City University of New York
  • Exxon Research & Engineering: Group Head responsible for R&D and implementing computerized blending and OM&S world-wide
  • 3X Corporation: President, blending projects
  • ABB Simcon: Vice President, Refinery Automation, blending projects
  • RAI: President/CEO, blending projects
  • ASTM: Initiator of Working Group Using FTIR/NIR to certify octanes
  • IBIA Member Working Group: Future Fuels

The materials in these modules have been provided by Ara Barsamian and are based on personal knowledge and experience. Some data and materials have been contributed over the years by other experts of Refinery Automation Institute. All modules have been peer-reviewed by working members of US and foreign refineries, gasoline traders, oil terminal operators, pipeline company staff, and Laboratory personnel. The author acknowledges the contributions of all RAI staff and consultants, past and present. All information contained is given in good faith and is intended to improve the understanding of the topics by all sectors of the industry.


At the end of the 7 days period, the participants that have successfully completed the RAI Online Gasoline Training Course module(s) will receive the RAI Certificate of Attendance.


Data Protection Policy: We have your contact details as a legitimate result of the services we offer.  We will only ever contact you with regards to your affiliation with the industry matters and RAI.  We hold our data securely and never sell it to third parties.  If you wish to see our Data Protection Policy, please visit www.refautom.com and do let us know if you no longer wish us to hold your data for any reason. I understand that by registering for this webinar, I am submitting the information above to RAI.


This Training and its content are copyright of Refinery Automation Institute, LLC – ©RAI 2022. All rights reserved.

Any redistribution or reproduction of part or all of the contents in any form is prohibited.

You may not, except with our express written permission, distribute or commercially exploit the content. Nor may you transmit it or store it in any other website or other forms of electronic retrieval system.

Schedule Consultation

    Contact Info

    Refinery Automation Institute, LLC

    415 E 37th Street, Suite 43A, New York,
    NY, USA 10016
    Phone: +1-201-919-3610
    eFAX: +1-973-206-2256